Shaheed Diwas: Remembering India’s Freedom Fighters; Bhagat Singh, Rajguru & Sukhdev
23rd March, the day when three brave hearts of India were sentenced to death in Lahore jail in 1931 can never be forgotten by any Indian.
Bhagat Singh, a name that doesn’t require any introduction,was among the prominent influential revolutionaries who shaped the base of a national freedom movement. Bhagat Singh along with Rajguru and Sukhdev are counted in those brave hearts that made the phrase come true: ‘Live young, Die young’.
The incident took place in 1928 when J.P Saunder’s ugly deed made one of the revolutionists of India named Lala Lajpat Rai to die in a very brutal death. Punjab Kesari, alias LalaLajpat Rai died due to brutal police beating ordered by Saunder in less than 3 weeks. This animalistic behavior of Britishers reached heights because they gave a painful death to a 63 years old Lala Lajpat Rai and too against a non-violation movement. This action of JP Saunders provoked Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev.
Bhagat Singh: Born on 27th September 1907 at Banga in Lyallpur district of the Punjab Province of British India, Bhagat Singh was instilled from childhood with the family’s spirit of patriotism. His father, at the time of his birth, was in jail for his connection with the Canal Colonization Bill agitation. He was a revolutionary ahead of his times and by revolution he meant that the present order of things, which is based on manifest injustice, must change.
Rajguru: Born on 24th August, Rajguru was a colleague of Bhagat Singh in the freedom movement. He accompanied Bhagat Singh and Sukhdevin all the protest activities against Britishers. The bond of love and friendship for the nation was strong enough to be surrendered for throwing the bomb in the assembly and when the crime was proved, all of these three braves were hanged till death on 23rd March,1931.
Sukhdev: Born on 15th May 1907, Sukhdev Thapar was the most aggressive amongst all the revolutionaries and has a strong devotional feeling right from his college life. Sukhdev, along with Bhagat Singh and Rajguru too was sentenced to death after being proved as convict.
Unknown facts on the Hanging of Bhagat Singh
They were hanged an hour ahead of the official time when the death sentence was to be commuted and were secretly cremated on the Sutlej river banks by the jail authorities.
However, as per the research, Bhagat Singh and his co- conspirators were not hanged in the Lahore jail. Yes, they were hanged but taken off the gallows in a semi-conscious condition and secretly delivered to Lahore Cantonment where a death squad comprising of Saunders family shot them. As all this could not be done in the daytime, hence the entire plan was conducted at night. No post-mortems were conducted and British authorities burnt the bodies of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev and chopped them into pieces and buried them in the river Sutlej instead handing them over to their families.
After that with the help of some Police informers, the families rediscovered the half burnt flesh at a later stage and all the three martyrs then were cremated at Hussainiwala near Ferozepur.